BROADWAY, OFF- & OFF-OFF-
In New York theater, the terms Broadway, off-Broadway, and off-off-Broadway refer primarily to the number of seats in a venue and not its location--though in practice the two often overlap. According to Actors' Equity Association contracts, Broadway theaters have 500 seats of more; off-Broadway theaters have 100-499 seats; and off-off-Broadway theaters have 99 seats or fewer. Currently, there are 39 Broadweay theaters in New York, clustered around Manhattan's Times Square. The term off-Broadway was coined in the 1950s to refer to plays considered more experimental than Broadway productions and performed on the fringes of Times Square. Off-off-Broadway was coined in the 1960s for theater considered even more avant-garde, and which tended to be performed down in Greenwich Village or on the Lower East Side.
Mark Twain (1835-1910)