THE STATUE OF LIBERTY
The Statue of Liberty (formally titled Liberty Enlightening the World) was a gift from France to America in 1885, intended as a symbol of the friendship the two nations developed during the American Revolution. Designed by the Alsatian Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, the statue depicts a woman holding a torch (enlightenment) in her right hand, and a tablet (the law) in her left; she wears a crown with 7 rays (the 7 seas and 7 continents), and stands above a broken shackle and chains (freedom from oppression). Her tablet is inscribed with the date of American Independence on roman numerals: July IV MDCCLXXVI. The statue was originally meant to mark the centenary of the American Revolution, but it was not unveiled until ten years later, in 1886.
The statue stands on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, and was for many years the first US landmark seen by new immigrants. A poem written by Emma Lazarus to raise money for the pedestal appears at the statue's base.
Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962)