THE SHILL AND THE PROP
In U.S. casino terminology, a SHILL is a player (paid an hourly wage bythe house) who uses the house's money to drum up business by playing at slow tables. Any money made by the shill is returned to the house. In contrast, proposition players, or PROPS, play with their own money (while receiving a small wage), keeping any profits but shouldering their losses. Both shills and props work under the direction of the house staff, who will move them as required from game to game. In many casinos, strict rules exist governing how shills and props may play each game and requiring the house to identify the paid players if so requested.
Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)