The presidential retreat in Catoctin Mountain Park was created in 1943 for Franklin D. Roosevelt, who sought somewhere near to (but cooler than) Washington, DC, to relax and ease his sinus troubles. FDR named the camp Shangri-La, from James Hilton's novel Lost Horizon. Truman made Shangri-La the official presidential retreat in 1945; and in 1953, Eisenhower renamed it Camp David, after his grandson. A majority of presidents have used Camp David to host foreign leaders (the first such guest was Churchill, in May 1943), and the camp has been the location of many significant historical events, including the planning of the invasions of Normandy, the Bay of Pigs, and Vietnam and the Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt.
H.L. Mencken (1880-1956)