Keith R.A. DeCandido (kradical) wrote,
Keith R.A. DeCandido

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Schott's Miscellany 17 October 2009

Al Capone was sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion (1931)


The origins of modern diplomacy can be traced back to 13th century northern Italy, where city-states such as Milan and Venice exchanged ambassadors to improve relations and facilitate trade. As relationships between European countries became increasingly important, major states began to post ambassadors permanently at overseas courts. In 1487, Spain sent to England the first permanent representative. The 1815 Congress of Vienna formalized the previously ad hoc system of diplomatic rank and precedence, a system that often soured international relations when one country received only low-ranking officials from another. The diplomatic hierarchy was:

Ambassador, Pala Nuncio, or High Commissioner: represents head of state
Minister Plenipotentiary: in charge of legations rather than embassies
Minister: lowest rank of diplomatic mission chief
Chargé d'Affaires: temporary head of mission, in absence of more senior staff

Dogs who chase cars evidently see them as large, unruly ungulates badly in need of discipline and shepherding.
Elizabeth Marshall (1931-)
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