June 3rd, 2009


Schott's Miscellany 2 June 2009

Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II at Westminster Abbey, London (1953)


In April 2007, after a three-year study by the Vatican's International Theological Commission, Pope Benedict XVI abolished the state of limbo. The Roman Catholic concept of limbo was first introduced by medieval theologians to explain the fate of innocent infants who died unbaptized. (The word derives from limbus, Latin for "border," referring to limbo's position "on the edge" of hell, where those who die without sin but before baptism rest.) Two forms of limbo were traditionally distinguished: limbus patrium, for the souls of Old Testament prophets and holy people who died before Christ's salvation; and limbus infantium, for babies who died before being baptized. The Theological Commission said in its report that "grace has priority over sin and the exclusion of innocent babies from heaven does not seem to reflect Christ's special love for the little ones." However, the commission warned that its conclusion did not question "original sin," and should not be interpreted so as "to negate the necessity of baptism or delay the conferral of the sacraments."

He had the three great requisites of a matador: courage, skill in his profession, and grace in the presence of the danger of death.
Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)
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    "Sally Ann" by the Randy Bandits